LXI ARCHITECTURE UNDER MONGOLS 235 The nightingales warbled their enchanting notes, And rent the thin veils of the rosebud and the rose ; The jasmine stood bathed in dew, And the violet also sprinkled his fragrant locks. At this time Zulaykha was sunk in pleasing slumber; Her heart was turned towards the altar of her sacred vision. It was not sleep : it was rather a confused idea : It was a kind of frenzy caused by her nightly melancholy. Her damsels touched her feet with their faces, Her maidens approached and kissed her hand. Then she removed the veil from her cheek, like a tulip besprinkled with dew; She opened her eyes, yet dim with sleep ; From the border of her mantle the sun and moon arose ; She raised her head from the couch and looked round on every side. The Tomb ofKhudabanda at Sultania.—To deal at any length with the architecture of the period is beyond my powers and the scope of this work. I therefore propose to do little more than make a few remarks about buildings with most of which I am personally acquainted. The most important city of the Mongol Il-Khans was Sultania, situated about one hundred miles to the west of Kazvin. This city was founded by Uljaitu, or Khuda- banda, in A.H. 705 (1305). He entertained the project of transporting the bones of Ali and Husayn from Najaf and Kerbela respectively, and erected a superb building to receive the sacred remains. His plan was never realized and the building became his own mausoleum. Octagonal in plan, with a minaret rising at each angle, it is sur- mounted by a dome measuring 84 feet in diameter, the largest in Persia. According to Josafa Barbaro,1 "the great cowpe is bigger than that of San Joanni Paulo in Venice." The tomb of Khudabanda is certainly the finest building of its kind erected under the Mongols. As Creswell2 points out, its beautiful outline is not spoiled by the piling-up of material on its haunches, as in the case of Santa Sophia at Constantinople and of the Pantheon at Rome. The Shrine ofthelmamRiza.—The great pile at Meshed,3 1 Trawls of Venetians in Persia, p. 68. 2 " The History and Evolution of the Dome in Persia," by K. A. C. Creswell (Journal R.A.S., Oct. 1914). 8 Vide my "Historical Notes on Khorasan," Journal R~d.S., Oct. 1910.